Outline three each short-term and long-term strategies implemented to solve nutritional problems in India.

Q.1. a. Outline three each short-term and long-term strategies implemented to solve nutritional problems in India.

b. Describe any two nutrition programmes operating in our country.

Ans: a. Three each short- term and long-term strategies implemented to solve nutritional problems in India-

Short term strategies-

1. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) to cover all
vulnerable group

2. fortification of essential foods (salt fortified with iodine)

3. production and popularisation of low-cost nutritious foods from
indigenous and locally available raw material by involving women
in this activity

4. control of micronutrient deficiencies (iron, vitamin A, folic acid and
iodine) among vulnerable groups

Long-term strategies-

1. ensuring food security i.e., improving availability of food

2. improving the dietary patterns by ensuring availability of
nutritionally rich foods

3. reducing poverty for rural and urban poor through employment
generation schemes and public distribution system, implementing
land reforms, etc.

b. Two Nutrition programmes operating in our country-

1. ICDS: It is an outreach programme for early childhood care and
development

2. Nutrient Deficiency Control programmes: National Prophylaxis
programme for prevention of blindness due to vitamin A deficiency, National Anemia control programme, National Iodine deficiency disorder control programme

3. Food Supplementation programmes like the Mid-day meal
programme

4. Food security programmes: Public Distribution System, Antodaya
Anna Yojana, Annapurna Scheme, National Food for Work
Programme

5. Self-employment and wage employment schemes

Q.2. a. Compare three each benefit and drawbacks of Food or
Diet based strategies used to combat public nutrition problems in India.

b. What are the two functions of Iodine in human body? Tell two ill- effects if pregnant woman is not taking recommended amount of iodine in her diet.

Ans: a. Three benefit of Food or Diet Based strategies used to combat
public nutrition problems-

1. Highly cost effective
2. Wide coverage
3. Sustainable

Three drawbacks of Food or Diet Based strategies used to combat public nutrition problems-

1. Requires research
2. Participation of food industry
3. Requires changes in eating behaviour
4. Requires change in agricultural policies

b. Two functions of Iodine –
1. Required for normal mental growth
2. Essential for physical growth and development

Two ill effects of iodine deficiency during pregnancy

1. Results in mental retardation of the foetus

2. Causes congenital abnormalities of the foetus

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