Q.1. ‘Reforming the UN means restructuring of the Security Council’. Justify this statement with suitable arguments.
Ans: Security Council plays a crucial role in functioning of the UN. In today’s scenario power equations have been changed with the disintegration of USSR and many new countries are entering into the UN:
1. The UN charter has given a privileged position to permanent
members to bring stability all over the world. This position remains the same and no one is allowed to enter.
2. Except permanent members enjoy veto power to be placed in a valuable position.
3. Permanent member’s category is from industrialized developed country which should be balanced by enhancing representation from developing countries to become either permanent or non-permanent members.
4. Hence, Security Council should reform and improve its working to make the UN more effective i.e., inclusion of member states should be judged on the basis of contribution to peace keeping initiatives.
Q.2. What makes the UN an indispensable organisation? What steps should be taken to make the UN more relevant in the changing context?
Ans: 1. Interdependence and globalisation is not possible without
the international organisations such as the UN.
2. To enforce cooperation on the issues of poverty, unemployment, environmental degradation etc.
3. To provide financial assistance to developing countries to stabilize economy all over the world
4. The UN works as a forum to solve any international dispute among nations and sort out the best possible way.
5. To promote international peace and understanding.
Steps to be taken to make the UN more relevant in the changing context:
a. Creation of Peace Building Commission.
b. Acceptance of responsibility of international community in case of failures of national governments to protect their own citizens from atrocities.
c. Condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
d. An agreement to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.